Neurofeedback training utilizes principles of Operant Conditioning. In that frame of reference, improved brain activity is learned with the aid of a computer interface, acting as a virtual "mirror" to the real-time electrical oscillations produced by the cerebral cortex. This information is then interpreted on a computer screen through a "neurofeedback" loop.
When brain activity changes in the desired direction, a positive "reward" feedback is given to the individual. If the change is in the opposite direction from what is intended, either different feedback is given or the provision of "positive" feedback is inhibited. Rewards can be as simple as changes in pitch of a tone or as complex as a certain type of movement of a character in a videogame. The visual display on a computer screen reacts according to the cortical information recorded by surface sensors on the scalp. Placement of the “sensors” are applied according to the protocol decided upon by the trainer. The process is painless and does not involve application of any “electricity” to the brain, so it’s entirely noninvasive.
For many people with neurologic issues, bioelectrical dysfunction is at the heart of the issue, rather than the “chemical imbalance” that is often cited. We target the brain’s internal regulatory networks, and we train the brain’s functional dysregulation. Neurofeedback can address many varying neurologic deficits.
Who benefits from Neurofeedback?
- General Arousal states- ADD/ADHD, Chronic fatigue, PTSD/other anxieties
- Autism Spectrum- Sensory integration disorders, Self-stimming behavior
- Cognitive Deficits- Brain Injury, Stroke
- Pain Disorders- Migraine, Chronic pain
- Personality Disorders- Bipolar mood swings, Oppositional-Defiant disorders, Obsessive- Compulsive disorders
- Social/Emotional issues- Depression, Aggression, Self injurious behavior (cutting), Phobias, Substance abuse
- Visual Processing & Language Disorders
- Somatosensory and Motor Deficits- Body / Spatial Awareness, Gross motor /Fine motor coordination, Apraxia, Ataxia, R/L Confusion